The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the front of your throat. It serves several essential functions, including producing hormones that control body temperature, weight, energy level, heart rate and more.
Cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the thyroid begin to grow and multiply uncontrollably.
There are four types of thyroid cancer: papillary (most common), follicular, medullary, and anaplastic (rare and aggressive).
Erminia Massarelli, M.D., Ph.D., M.S., is the co-director of the Lung Cancer and Thoracic Oncology Program, and an associate professor in the Department of Medical Oncology & Therapeutics Research at City of Hope. She specializes in lung and head and neck cancers.
Behrouz Salehian-Dardashti, M.D., is an endocrinologist specializing in treating thyroid disorders, pituitary disorders and neuroendocrine tumors. He is also director of the diabetes cardiovascular risk reduction program at City of Hope.